Soften the water to save the energy!
“According to the findings of a study conducted by the Battelle Memorial Institute, an independent testing and research facilty dedicated to applied science and technology, water softners can save significant amounts of energy… In general, the study found that the efficiency of gas storage (Hot water tank) and instantaneous water heaters (tankless) remained constant over the life of the unit when working with treated soft water. In contrast, units on hard water had a noticable decrease in efficiency over the testing period, resulting in higher natural gas use… Up to 30 lbs of calcium carbonate, or rocklike scale, can accumulate.. in a single year. Hard water can lead to as much as a 48 pecent loss of efficiency in gas water heaters. In comparison, those operating on softened water were shown to maintain the original factory efficiency rating over a 15 – year lifetime.”
What is Hard Water?
Hard water contains large amounts of calcium and magnesium, two minerals that cause the soapy scum on glasses and lime residue on bathroom fixtures. While suitable for drinking and gardening, hard water can cause mineral build-up in water heaters, pipes, dishwashers and showerheads, reducing its flow. Soap and shampoo’s ability to lather is reduced, and laundry becomes stiffer and duller in appearance.
How Does a Water Softener Work?
A water softener uses a medium (or material) that serves to exchange “ions” of calcium and magnesium with sodium and potassium.
This occurs in four steps:
1. To do the ion replacement, the water in the house runs through a resin bed of small plastic beads or zeolite. The beads are covered with sodium or potassium ions. As the water flows past the ions, they swap places with the calcium and magnesium ions. Eventually, the beads contain nothing but calcium and magnesium, and softening stops. It is then time to regenerate the beads or zeolite.
2. To regenerate, the beads need to regain their sodium or potassium ions by being flooded with a salty, brine solution that is rich in sodium or potassium.
3. Once completed, the calcium and magnesium, dirt and sediments are flushed from the beads and into the drain in a process called backwash.
4. The final phase rinses the mineral tank with fresh water and loads the brine tank so it’s ready for the next cycle.
What are The Benefits of a Water Softener?
A water softener reduces water hardness, making it easier to shower and clean fabrics and dishes. With softened water, less soap is needed for bathing and laundry. Skin feels cleaner and clothing softer. Pipes, fixtures and appliances have less scale build-up. With less build-up, appliances can operate efficiently. Mineral-derived odours may be reduced; and, there are fewer deposit stains on bathroom fixtures.
If you have any questions about Soft Water, direct them to firstname.lastname@example.org